Author: Dave Asprey

Waterproof hiking shoes top 3

Waterproof hiking shoes top 3


Let’s get another awesome review under way and look at the top 3 waterproof hiking shoes on the market

Every year, the newest fang dangle waterproof hiking shoes start appearing everywhere in our favourite stores and online. But what are the best and where can I find them at the cheapest price. Well im about to let you know!

 SALOMON X (Ultra 3 GTX) 

Synthetic and leather 

The benefits of synthetic and leather shoes is that they are extremely durable. As a seasoned hiker we expose our shoes to a large amount of wear and tear. The SALOMON X is a great choice for a durable, long lasting shoe.

Rubber sole 

Great for walking up and down steep surfaces. Rubber sole shoes are great for those tricky types of hikes that often come across rock, boulders and fallen trees

Been tested thoroughly over time to produce the best fit

Synergistically designed with a reinforced top section of the sensifit, supporting  your foot in a most comfortably way. Walking downhill is definitely no problem 

Lots of bits and bobs to make your feet feel on-top of the world 

Best place to buy – Amazon (Click here to buy)


MERRELL MOAB 2 (Waterproof – womens)

Hot Suede Leather Mesh

A lot of hiking shoe manufacturers these days cater for the hiking girl out there. Shoes these days can’t only function really awesome, they have to look really good as well. The suede leather mesh makes the shoe look like it could be warn at the local night club and nobody would notice. Haha no just joking, but they do look really good

Aggressive Rubber sole 

The rubber sole on these shoes cushion a lot of the impact from surfaces the shoe finds itself on. Talking to friends that hike in these shoes, they indicated that they respond really well to down hill climbs and jumping between obstacles

Big heel measuring approx 1.5″

Super high platform measuring  approx 1. inches

Tear out the inner sole if need be

You can remove the inner sole in these which can be great for washing them out after a long days hike

Merrell Air cushioning in the heel takes out most of the shock and adds stability 

Protective rubber toe cap

Best place to buy Amazon (Click here to buy)



Strong sturdy leather

Hiking shoes that are made from leather are great once they are broken in. Leather can be very unforgiving to the backs of your heals and your toes, so make sure you select the right size.

I recently read a book on the Pacific Crest trail, by Sheryl Strayed. There was a part in the book when she talks about her shoes severely chaffing and blistering her feet because of being to small. Ouch! I definitely know the feeling of hiking in leather shoes that are one size to small.

Make sure when purchasing leather hiking shoes they are the right size.  I can’t overemphasise this enough

Great colour combinations 

Super nasty laces

We need to have the best laces to brace our feet when out hiking. I also consider laces to have different purposes for me if I were in a survival situation. Laces can be used for slinging a broken arm, constriction of a limb in regards to a snake bit, making a bow to hunt with.

Strong thick laces are always good for your feet and to have as a stand by

Ultimate protection under foot and stability and traction when running away from bears or snakes

Best place to buy Amazon (Click here to buy)



A good pair of shoes I think is one of the most important choices you can make if your serious about hiking. Ive seen many people skimp in this area and it has made there hiking experience awful. When exploring the great outdoors the last thing we would want to be doing is sitting down rubbing our feet in pain. We would miss out on what we set out to do, and that’s taking in all the beautiful scenery

Hope these reviews help you with your next purchase. With all my reviews I thoroughly do my research so I can provide you with the best advise and help. These 3 waterproof hiking shoes are definitely the best on the market in 2018

Any questions please feel free to comment below and ill endeavour to get back to you as soon a possible




food to store for disaster

food to store for disaster


Is it just me or is there a lot of scary things happening all around the world. We don’t have to look far to see that many countries are going through some pretty tough times. Do you agree with me here? The news item’s we are seeing and reading about on a day to day basis isn’t painting the best picture for a peaceful stable future

Many countries are finding it hard to make ends meet. Why is this? Corrupt governments in many cases are destabilising the country’s welfare, dividing people and creating mass uncertainty

There are lots of detrimental repercussions to such leadership and the ripple effect goes along way

There seems to be critical times in alot of places around the globe. We are seeing mass food shortages among other things occurring on a huge level. People are reporting that they simply can’t make ends meet due to lack employment or can’t go to the store to buy their food. This is a huge concern among many people and one has to ask, is this what I could expect anytime soon in my country or city?

Recent footage I saw coming out of Venezuela was truly terrifying. People were protesting in the streets demanding the government do something about the food crisis. People were breaking into shops and rioting, in an obvious desperate state of affairs

Refugee camps are popping up all throughout Africa and Europe with thousands of people dying of food starvation or contamination. On top of this water quality in some countries are sub-standard.

What can we do to prepare for a similar situation were it to affect where we live?

In light of the many developing situations affecting people around the globe, can we afford to have the attitude of just sitting back and saying ‘it won’t happen to me’.

I’m pretty certain that you could agree that the government doesn’t necessarily come to the aid of its citizens when faced with food shortages in the past. The aftermath of cyclone Katrina saw people without proper food water and medicine for many days, creating one of the biggest emergencies in our time

Food to store for disaster and similar items are vital in our storehouse of knowledge, because it could save our life

What can I do now?

It’s an imperative that we have a good plan in place for such a situation. We do not want to snooze on this as past history shows that peaceful conditions can take a turn for the worse in a matter of hours

We need to have two options in place if we are intending to survive a disaster scenario and we need to be very clear on what these two options are.

Option 1 and an option 2

What are these two options?

Some disasters that have devastated areas in the past, show us that we can flee our homes or stay. Perhaps relief shelters and the like offer protection in these cases and it would be wise to know in advance where these areas’s are

Some disasters are truly catastrophic and we would need to flee as soon as possible. Such disasters are hurricanes, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, floods.

Disasters such as heatwaves, economic, wildfires, breakdown of society type situations could call on us to decide whether to stay or to go

Option 1 is to flee the disaster with the aid of our bug bags and a pre selected safety location

Option 2 is to have the supplies necessary at home to keep us safe through this time of uncertainty

How to prepare for option 1

It’s imperative that you have a bug out bag ready to grab in a hurry if need be. Having all my bags placed in an area close to the front door. Importantly I carry a family size bag in my car at all times just in case I’m away from home



I always make sure that my bags have me prepared for hydration, fire starting, first aid, food, basic shelter, protection, communication and clothing. Having printed personal documents in a water tight bag and a roll of cash totaling around $500. Importantly I carry a credit card and some gold just in case I need to barter in exchange for something

Some items I have two of a particular item, such as a water filter. In the event of a water purifier breaking, I have another one to use. Water purification tablets on standby are always another great option

Having a few different methods to start a fire is a must. I will pack a couple of lighters and waterproof matches that are safely sealed in a water tight bag. Importantly I have a fire kit that I can use to make a fire by friction

I always carry a spare pair of clothing and rain covering.

How to prepare for option 2

In the event of a disaster happens and we choose to stay at home, we need to be just as prepared as option 1


Things such as town water, electricity and gas could be cut off with no warning, we need to store a supply of essentials. We may be needing these in case vital services are stopped

Bottles of drinking water and food need to be stored in a dry cool area. If you have a small apartment you can always put these in the unseen places, such as under your bed or under an inside staircase

Fuel to run equipment such as generators, vehicles and the like, could come to a grinding halt. In order to be able to drive to a safe location or run a generator, I always have a few large tins of fuel and gas bottles stored in the garage.

Having a dry area also designated to store a large supply of fire wood. This is a natural free way to provide heating and cooking.

If there is no power and the grid is out this brings along with it many other concerns and questions


Water and food are certainly important among other things if we are to stay alive in a disaster. We need to now put a plan in place to keep ourselves safe. If we dont and delay we could find ourselves left out in the cold fighting for our lives.

Please any questions ask me below and I will get back to you ASAP

Keep safe











Simple hiking tips and tricks to use on your next adventure

Simple hiking tips and tricks to use on your next adventure


Hiking the trails near to my home in Victoria Australia, leaves me with a feeling in awe. I must be living in the best place on Earth I tell myself. Do you feel the same way about the area you live in?

Sometimes I ponder for days which hike or camping trip I should do as there’s so many great areas to choose from, that I still haven’t seen

I’m so fortunate to live close to the Great Ocean Road and Ottways National Park. Do you live near a rain forest or perhaps a pristine coastal landscape? If so you will definitely know what I’m talking about.

The thing that I think on and talk to my friends about is, whether we take this natural beauty in or take it for granted?

I try to always have my senses in tune when I’m close to nature. Observing the endless variety of sights and sounds. Hearing the sounds of my favourite birds, wind in the tallest trees, makes me feel alive and free.

You can find beauty in almost any place on the planet, just some places you may have to look a bit harder than others.

Its true, humans have destroyed a lot of once beautiful landscapes, that use to be abundant with wild animals and plant life. Some places that come to mind are the Great Barrier Reef Australia, Amazon rain forests South America.

Getting out into the bush is an absolute must for me and if I leave it to long between trips, I feel drained anxious and grumpy. It’s like an itch that I can’t scratch. Raise your hand if you feel the same.

When walking up to the beginning of the trail and I notice the sign indicating the beginning of the hike, I get a adrenaline rush that lasts well beyond finishing the hike.
What helps me begin any hike or camping trip is what preparations I make beforehand. There are literally dozens of simple hiking tips and tricks that can make all the world of difference when you are out next on you are adventure

Within this post I thought of writing about some of these simple hiking tips and tricks that has inspired me to get out into  the great outdoors more regularly. In the coming posts I will give you more information on different hacks you can use for your next hiking or camping trip

But for now I will give you 4 that I use

Lets make preparation fun and exciting making the overall experience rewarding and fulfilling

How to blow up your camp mattress quickly, using a plastic bag

What did you say!

You’re telling me that I no longer need to spend 20 or so minutes blowing my heart out, trying to inflate my mattress?

That’s right.

What you need to do is, lay out your inflatable mattress on the ground. Make sure nothing sharp is on the ground underneath it such as sticks or rocks that could pierce a hole in it

Simply hold the plastic bag by the handles and scoop air into it. Just like if you were catching butterflies. Then once you have inflated your bag close it off so no air escapes.

Tuck the bag in to your mattress opening and push the air through, being careful not to lose any of the air from the bag.

Avoid lugging around a tent and blow up mattress by getting your hands on a Swag. Click here to find the best place to purchase


Water proof shoes

I love wearing Converse All Stars high top shoes. I know there not the most practical type of shoe to hike in but I love feeling the ground when walking. The thin sole offers me a lot of flexibility when I’m jumping between boulders or climbing trees etc

However theses are made from canvas and let in a tonne of water if I accidentally step into a puddle or if it rains

What you can do is grab yourself a tea light candle and rub the wax all over your shoes. Nice and thick. Then grab yourself a hairdryer and blow on a low hot heat all around the newly applied wax. This will melt the wax

It should go from white to clear and then you are all done. Water proof shoes

Click here to see my review on the top 3 best hiking shoes on the market

Long burning waterproof matches

Grab yourself and packet of matches and a roll of toilet paper. Unroll half a foot or so of toilet paper and cut it length ways in half.

Proceed to roll your match in the strip of paper so it wraps around it many times.

You need the head of the match exposed, and it should be nice and thick in the middle with the paper.

With some hot wax from a candle dip the match into it. Submerging the entire match in the wax.

Do this several times and store the matches back into the box. These will burn for ages

Fire wood holder for bundles of sticks

So you have spent the last hour or so collecting all your nights firewood to keep you warm under the stars.

What do I do now? I can’t possibly carry all these back to camp in one go.

What you need is 2 decent long sticks and 2 lengths of rope as long as you are arm.

Tie both ends of the rope to the ends of both sticks. It should look like a rectangle box shape with the sticks down one side and the ropes top and bottom

Place all you are firewood across the ropes and then lift it by holding the sticks. Stick carrying problem solved


There are many things you can use that are lying around at home that could potentially make your life a lot better when out hiking or camping next

When out next time you want to make what your carrying on you are back as light as possible, so try to improvise with what you can use.

Sometimes I will take tin foil with me so I can mold it around a rock to make dinner wear. Even a fork and spoon can be made out of an old plastic coke bottle. Duct tape can be wrapped around your lighter over and over, so you have some on hand if you need it. A car or house key can be threaded through one of your shoe laces and tucked under so you don’t lose or misplace it.

I hope this gives you a few ideas so you can make you are next hike or camp-out a little better

Leave any comments below and I will get back you as soon as I can









Survival food supply review

Survival food supply review


Emergency Survival Food Supply Kit

144 Meals that you can eat right now

Seperate Rations

Sturdy food grade bucket

25 plus year shelf life


Sweet habanero pineapple and chilli, pilaf rice, black bean soup, chilli classic, potato cheesy soup and brown sugar oatmeal just to name a few

Best place to buy Amazon 


I thought a survival food supply review was definitely needed as I had my doubts weather the ones on the market were any good. But I must say I was pleasantly surprised that most were pretty good.

I have recently noticed the explosion of long shelf life survival foods hitting the market. As I have personally made all my own survival food kits, I was wondering how alot of these would stack up with what I had put together for myself and my family.

There’s lots of talk among the prepping community’s on how much one should store away if there were a shortage or stoppage of food supply at the stores in the event of a disaster scenario. Should it be 1 to 3 months or 5 to 10 years?

Some prepping families have a food and water supply of 25 years. This is a combination of food growing in gardens and a supply of pre made canned, vacuumed sealed bags and bottled foods, always at the ready. I know families that buy bulk water delivered to their doors on pallets

As with myself my long haul food pantry is slowly depleted as we go throughout the year. Every month or so I do a stock take of what food has been used and replenishing what’s been used. We always eat the foods that are going to go out of date the quickest. This means food never spoils and there’s always a fresh supply

This neat survival food supply kit comes in a very durable heavy container, so the little bugs and rodents wont be getting inside in a hurry. However always check regularly that there’s no bit and tooth marks from rats. They have extremely sharp teeth and Ive know them to bit around a steel bread tin like a can opener

Within this container you have a generous supply of 144 meals. Very yummy and the kids definitely wont be complaining. People are still continuing to buy the old army ration style of emergency food supplies. But just think about it, If you have a family good food will boost the mood of such a situation. There would be nothing worse than a terrible scenario and the food your about to put in the mouths of your wife and kids is below average.

A 25 year food supply is a weight of the shoulders knowing that if you needed to grab and run, you can do so with piece of mind.

Alot of the nasties are out of the foods that you will find in some other brands out there. So if you need to eat this food supply for 144 meals theres a good chance that you will feel pretty good and not sick and bloated

This is a good choice for survival food storage options. I like to have a few different options up my sleeve and don’t settle for one means of having food and water on hand

Thanks for reading my review





Hiking Backpack review

Hiking Backpack review

Osprey Atmos 65 AG

  • Main Fabric: 100d X 630d Nylon Dobby
  • Maximum Dimensions: (mm) 840 (l) X 380 (w) X 390 (d)
  • Weight: 2.18 Kg
  • 2017 mod
  • Best place to buy is at Amazon 



After having my own now for the last month or so I thought I must do a hiking backpack review on it.

I feel its important to let all you guys know how good this pack has preformed over this period. This pack has many good positive features and I can’t fault the bag in any way. It has been a pleasure to have on my many hikes and I highly recommend this backpack if you are thinking of buying.

The time spent in detail, quality and innovative design proves that this hiking pack definitely means business. It’s strong and sturdy features instantly give me the confidence that this pack will last many walks into the unknown. When carrying it under load it has great weight distribution because of its hip belt design and back support. Its durability and toughness when using it is outstanding

When running my fingers over the shoulder straps I noticed that all the stitching is nicely done and neat. Its sleek mesh back support, which has a fully ventilated hip belt gives a futuristic appearance. The design is this area of the pack is amazing and I don’t think I have seen it on other packs. The mesh is one complete piece running right through to hip belt.

The pack completely hugs my back when trying it on and surprisingly feels very light. The mesh smooth texture and breathable webbing, would add to the needed ventilation when out on those long hikes.

Pure Joy

I had laid out all my hiking bits and pieces on the living room floor and began to slowly pack these into the main compartment. As my other pack is a little larger from this one, I thought it might be tough going getting all my contents into this pack.

When I started packing my larger items into the bottom of the main compartment, I soon realized how much storage this pack has to offer. It was like a never ending void that never could be filled.

I noticed that there’s a divider that would allow you to separate your wet and dry clothing, which is a massive bonus. It also has a sturdy draw string with clip adjustment to keep this compartment shut. The water bladder is located in nicely tucked away spot so it doesn’t get in your way. I can also access my contents via top and bottom entry points.

I then considered my other items that would be separate from my main compartment and noticed how many pocket options I have for storage. The double zippered front pockets look as though they could store a heap of stuff. I put my hand into one of these to see how deep they were and to my amazement realized they both run down to the bottom of the pack.

At the bottom of the pack there’s a large sleeping bag compartment. So I gab my sleeping bag of the floor and proceed to stuff it into this area. Wow! Easily fits with room to spare. It also has straps under the pack that I could relocate my sleeping bag if need be, but I found these straps to be handy in securing my camera tripod.

I gathered some of my documents and smaller items and filled some inside pockets. There’s plenty of useful internal pockets I can utilize for things like food or first aid.

I’ve decided to use the top lid compartment as my day pack because it completely separates from the pack. So I begin to pack into this area all my items that I may use if I was going to hike lighter and separate from my main pack.

When the top lid compartment is attached to the main pack, its held down by two sturdy compression straps. All the straps I used so far on this pack clip into place beautifully and show no signs of ever failing.

The hip strap feels secure and comfortable with nice padding and ventilation. It has two pockets on either side of the strap that offer a small amount of room for perhaps an energy bar or small camera. I must say that the hip belt looks and feels much superior to other hiking packs on the market.

There’s a handy front pocket on the pack that’s made from mesh type ultra strong material. In this area I packed a few first aid items and tools that I may need to grab for when hiking

There’s a handy two-way bottle holders nicely located in a side area that easily accessible. I have found this to be a problem in the past on other packs, as they can be located in awkward areas making it hard to reach for when wanting a drink. So big thumbs up here

All the rest of my items were packed into the other well-thought-out locations of the pack. It’s here that I realized that this pack is definitely much superior to my other hiking packs.

I’m actually pretty blown away that all my items were able to be packed effortlessly without having to overthink the packing too much. Everything just seemed to fit perfectly. When out hiking the bag performed well in regard to load stability and has good weight distribution. I think definitely because of the back system that’s a little different on this pack.

When the weather turns ugly and you need to keep your precious back pack and its contents dry, pull out the integrated & detachable rain cover found inside the lid. This rain cover looks very robust and capable of keeping out all the rain. It easily covered the whole bag, not like some other brands out there.

The Osprey Atmos AG backpack in my opinion is King

When doing my research on this backpack I learned that it had won an Innovation Gold award. This is not hard to believe because of the way it looks, feels and preforms when out hiking.

All the adjustments and clips work extremely well and are very sturdy. Compression straps I found all are all easy to get to, and pull the pack neatly and tightly into place. The built in whistle is a bonus and sounds loud when blowing into it.

The zippers are all very functional with sturdy little rubber loops that in my opinion would never break even with the hardest of hands.

The water sack inside looks tough and durable allowing me to carry bucket loads of drinking water. It’s located in a nice little spot tucked away from the main storage area.

My rating for this back pack is 4.9 out of 5

Purchase the Osprey 65 here

Any questions drop me a comment below. Hope this helps with your next

Cheers Dave

How To Use A Compass With A Map

How To Use A Compass With A Map



Be warned! Hiking can become very addictive.

When I first started bush walking and hiking I was instantly in love. Do you also hike trails around your area? Or perhaps you travel to amazing places around the globe finding the most popular hikes?


Some hikes can leave you with lasting memories that can last forever

I try to get out into the bush whenever possible, hiking almost immediately calms my thoughts and helps me see life a little more clearly.

When away from all the noise of suburbia and the mindless chatter that goes on through the weeks activities, hiking amongst the trees and all that fresh air made me feel alive and gave me a sense of purpose and respect for life. Do you also feel the same? There’s something positive that happens to our bodies when we are observing nature

When I was younger hiking some absolutely stunning trails around the area I lived, always left me feeling that I wanted to venture off the well-worn path. To discover a never before seen waterfall or walk knee-deep along a pristine river bank observing the local bird and animal life all alone.

When hiking down many trails I would see the barely noticeable tracks veering off, made by the many types of wildlife as they passed from one location to the other. I wonder where these tracks led off too?

I need to explore them I would tell myself, imagining that these tracks led to some hidden lair of an animal thought to be extinct many hundreds of years before.

When out hiking, often I would catch a glimpse of a distant mountain or river that took my breath away leaving me with goose bumps. I would scan the horizon and would ponder for ages whether I could make it there on my own, traversing untouched ground.

I always stopped myself from venturing off into the deep unknown because of the fear of getting lost, not knowing where I am with nobody to find me. However, making my own paths from a starting point on a map to a destination continued to be on my mind when considering hiking a new area.

When this longing to get into the untouched parts of the wilderness got unbearable, I decided I needed to learn how to find my bearings out there.

I enrolled myself into a navigation course that gave me some priceless knowledge on reading from a map and using a compass amongst other useful things.

I practiced some different scenarios out in the bush around my area and in time I became proficient in compass and map reading.

Its absolutely amazing when you choose a destination to hike to and you use a compass and map to get there. I remember my dad pulling out the old topography maps and laying them on the lounge room floor when I was a kid. He would plan our camping trips looking at these maps and always found great locations to camp, often near rivers or rocky outlooks.

I would see him with his pencil and compass out, drawing lines and writing notes. He would point out all the different details of contours of mountains and valleys and also explain how long it would take to walk to our destination.

I’ve come to realize that I totally love hiking and I need to do it as often as possible. I guess you could say it’s my authentic self, it’s in my blood. Probably ingrained in me from a very early age

I can absolutely guarantee that if you get yourselves out into the great outdoors you won’t be let down.

I’m grateful that I can now pass down all this knowledge to my two young boys and watch their happy faces when we are exploring the trails together

Thanks for reading and any questions don’t hesitate to leave a comment below




Purchase my exciting new ebook here



Wilderness survival gear

Wilderness survival gear

At some stage in our lives we could find ourselves in a survival situation. This could happen at home but often happens when we are enjoying outdoor activities such as camping, hiking and exploring the great outdoors.

If we are under prepared in our knowledge of bush skills we could find ourselves in a dire situation with no way out. We also need to be constantly reviewing our wilderness survival gear before embarking on any hike

We have heard of the stories of people that go out for a leisurely hike or mountain bike ride in the bush only to get lost for days at a time. Because of their lack of understanding of the environment they are in, they find themselves exposed to the elements. Sometimes ones have lost their lives due to the lack of knowledge on how to survive in this type of situation.

Recently I heard of a teacher that took his young students on an outdoors excursion in the bush, only to get lost. Luckily he was well-equipped, knowledgeable and well-prepared on bush survival. The teacher had the commonsense to notify the local authorities of his plans beforehand, and they were quick to respond when he delayed in returning from the hike.

Because of his well-thought-out preparation, he had the knowledge to stay put in the one spot and the skill to build a fire to keep warm. He kept the students occupied by building a basic shelter to keep dry and carry out some basic tasks. Thankfully all of his students survived three nights in extreme conditions.

There are many things we can learn, that will guarantee our survival when getting lost in the great out-doors. These can be so easy to learn that even our kids can gain a proper understanding on how to keep safe and sound if they were ever lost

But Let’s focus on how to build a fire from scratch with no man made tools, with basic bush materials

Building a fire with a flame

You have been out exploring taking photos of some remote bush-land for the day and its starting to get late. You decide to pack up and head back to the car. After a while the trail you thought was the one you walked in on, ends up winding to a dead end. You scratch your head and turn around to familiarize yourself with the trail and your surroundings. You decide to walk back to the original location to find the trail back, but this also leads to a dead end. Oh no you whisper to yourself IM LOST!

The first thing you will wanting to do is build yourself a fire. This will be vital in keeping you warm and signaling for people who may be looking for you. A fire will also dry any clothes that may become wet, cook some food or boil water. Also, a fire will keep any nasty animals away that may want to eat you through the night.

Starting a fire isn’t as complicated as you may think. If you are fortunate enough to have a lighter or matches on you, this process will be quite simple. However, if you don’t you will have to make a fire from scratch.

First of all you will want to

  • Clear an area where you intend to have your fire
  • Find some large stones that you can form a circle
  • Collect small kindling and leaves that can be used to start the process
  • Collect some large, dry fallen tree branches

Clearing an area for your fire is a must because you don’t want the fire to take hold of other surrounding grass or debris. Forming a circle with some stones will guarantee that no fire will spread by wind or sparks. Obviously you don’t want a raging out of control fire, just one that will keep you warm.

Small sticks no bigger than a match stick in thickness and leaves will ensure your flame will take hold as you build on your fire with bigger sticks. When your fire has been burning for more than 15 minutes you can start increasing the size of your logs. Be sure not to smother your flame by adding too much to soon.

The fire triangle consists of




Take one of these components away from any fire and it will go out.

 No Flame no worries

Imagine the feeling the first person had when they created fire. You could imagine his amazement as he stared down into the glowing ember and feeling the first signs of heat as the smoke circled around his body, filling the nostrils of everybody that was close by. Fire changed everything back then, how people cooked food, made tools and the list goes on.

But nowadays we have so many ways of making a fire, such as using matches or a lighter etc. But you may ask, how would I start a fire if I didn’t have any of these?

First we need to find the tools needed to make the friction needed to create a burning ember

you will need a sharp pointed stone

To find the wood needed I try to find a old dead log thats been lying on the ground for a long time. If you can pick it up and try to smash it on the ground or on some rocks. This will give you many pieces of different sizes to use.

When making the bow you will need a long (arm length) flexible stick about the width of your middle finger. If you don’t happen to have any string, you can use material from a shirt or shoelaces. Tie each end of the material to the stick so there’s just a little of flex in the stick.

The piece of wood that will act as your drill will need to be the width of your thumb. Scrape off the bark at the end of the stick making it into a blunt point, you can use a sharp rock to do this or scrape it backwards and forwards on a large boulder.

The piece of wood on the ground needs to be flat and about a finger width thick. With a sharp stone dig some holes into the wood until it goes through to the other side. This is where your drill piece will spin to make the necessary friction and heat.

  • Make a loop in your string of the bow and put your drill piece through the loop
  • Place drill piece in the dug out hole
  • Cup a piece of wood in your top hand and put some of your weight on the drill piece
  • Move bow backwards and forwards, turning the drill piece in the hole
  • Do this unit smoke billows from the hole in wood

After you have done this process a hot ember should appear around the bottom of the drill and hole in the wood. You will then need to transfer this hot ember to your tinder. Do this by rolling the ember into the dry debris, or place a little bit of your dry tinder on top of it. Allow the ember to get some oxygen, by gently blowing on it. Don’t blow to hard on the ember as it may go out. This should be sufficient and by now, you should have a flame.

Practice practice

There’re tonnes of online tutorials on this subject, so I suggest watching as many as you can to see what works and what doesn’t. Go out into the back yard and practice using different timbers and materials and with the knowledge you have now gained, you will have a fire cranking in no time at all.

Teach and show others how its done

This skill is priceless and everyone should know how to do this. Get the family practicing and copying you, once you have mastered the technique. Go out into the bush and test it out to see what troubleshooting you may have.

Don’t leave yourself in the cold

All the best with mastering these techniques and learning how to build a fire from scratch.

Any questions leave them in the comments below and I will answer them ASAP









Back packs for girls, what to look for when purchasing

Back packs for girls, what to look for when purchasing



Okay, so you have decided to head out to the nearest camping store to purchase your first back pack. Perhaps it’s because all your friends have taken up bush walking for a hobbie or you’re getting serious about having the right back pack to bug out with. What ever the reason, buying a back pack should be exciting and fun.

When you first walk into some of these camping outlets, you are confronted with a huge variety of bags. All sorts of colors and styles, hanging on a wall that seems to endlessly span the entire length of the shop. Which one should I choose you may ask yourself?

To make matters worse the guy from the store asks a bunch of questions that you have absolutely no idea what he’s talking about. Scratching your head you decide to pick the one that’s pink and head to the checkout. But when it comes to using it you realize it’s far to large and uncomfortable.

Buying on line can sometimes be just as confusing. If your anything like me, you may feel that you need to see and touch the item before making a purchase. Making sure that it has all the necessary details you will need

Before we head out and spend all our hard-earned cash on the first thing we see, lets consider some frequently asked questions, that women may have when looking for back packs for girls.


There’s one definite must a backpack should always have tons of organization. Most top brands on the market, now design their bags with storage in mind. However, there’s still numerous products out there that don’t deliver in this area.

Things to look out for are

  • Top lid converts to a day pack
  • Duel side mesh pockets
  • Zippered hip belt pockets
  • Stretch mesh front panel pocket
  • Ice tool loops with bungee tie offs
  • External hydration sleeve
  • Full body main compartment opening for easy unloading
  • Weather shield pockets
  • Bottle holster for one handed access when your on the go

I don’t know about you but there’s nothing worse than looking for your toothbrush, and remembering that it’s somewhere down near the bottom of your backpack. Digging your way through to the bottom of your bag trying to find it is really annoying. Its awesome to have the perfect pocket for all your toiletries that you can easily unzip, taking it with you to the nearest water hole or shower.

At the top of the list, the first must have is an assessable pocket where you can easily grab for your first aid pouch. I have known of people who have stumbled and fallen when hiking. Injuries can happen quickly when out hiking, so you must have a location on your backpack that you can reach at to get your first aid quickly.

A pocket for food and water, needs to be in a spot where you can access easily. However, you don’t want your water canteen to be in the blazing sun whilst you walk, so a well ventilated cool area of your pack is the best place for it.

When on a hike I always find myself reaching for something to nibble on for energy, so the last thing I want to be doing is taking my pack off every time I want a drink or something to eat.

When talking recently with some mates and their partners, we got onto the subject whether a back pack needs to look good or not. Does it need to look like it’s in fashion? The guys in the group just laughed and pretty much said that if it functions for all my needs when hiking we are happy.

But is this the case for the girls out there?

When asking this question to the hiking loving girls out there, they all said they wanted to look good whilst hiking with there packs. They want it to perform and function properly, but also having all the nice bells and whistles we see on most top brands now.

Back in the old days most back packs were mostly in drab color. Beige and brown or off yellow and green. But nowadays you can get any color under the sun. You can bling yourself out looking like a queen of the catwalk or camouflage yourself with all the colors in the world.


Size of your pack does matter

When looking to purchase your back pack, you will need to consider the size. There are many shapes and sizes out there that cater for all types of applications.

  • Things to think about are
  • Your height and weight
  • Duration of hiking
  • Comfortability
  • Will it carry all my items
  • Does it break down into separate compartments
  • Do the straps support the size of my pack when full
  • Does it provides a good back support

Looking back over a few of my hiking trips, I now know exactly what type of pack will suit and exactly what I will want. This comes with time and experience so don’t get frustrated that you pack the wrong things in the wrong locations at first. Just try to get out there with your pack on as soon and often as you can.

When I walked for 10 days to base camp Mt Everest, I was so glad at the end of the day, that I could put my bag down knowing that all my items were in locations that I could get to easily. When your exhausted and stuffed from walking up stairs and boulders all day, the last thing you want to be doing is pulling out all your contents to find that tin sardines for dinner.

Durability and material

When you find yourself embarking a hiking trip, your back pack will be exposed to all the elements. One minute you can find yourself walking with the sun shining on your back, and then next minute it can be raining cats and dogs with gale force winds blowing in your face. Make sure your pack comes with a rain cover to keep it all dry.


The other things to consider is how will your pack stand up to transportation and storage. There’s some great sturdy materials now that offer great bag durability. Take it from me, you will need a good strong pack if your planning on traveling oversees, especially in 3rd world countries.

Are we there yet?

Here’s a list of what I recommend having a look at. Some of these packs do cater more for men, but some of the ladies out there are fitter and stronger than some of the guys making some of these packs ideal

  1. Osprey Atmos (click here check out my review)
  2. Gregory Response Baltoro
  3. Arcteryx Bora AR 63
  4. Lowe Alpine Cerro Torre
  5. Osprey Aether AG
  6. Arcteryx Altra 65
  7. Granite Gear Crown 60
  8. Osprey Xenith 75
  9. Deuter Act Light 50
  10. Granite Gear Nimbus Trace
  11. The North Face Banchee 65
  12. Mountain Hardwear Ozonic
  13. Patagonia Ascensionist 40
  14. Kelty Coyote 65
  15. Flex Capacitor 40-60

Hope this helps and any questions just drop a line below



Bush shelter, Great idea to bug out in

Bush shelter, Great idea to bug out in


OK we have put together our go bags and quite proud of ourselves. Now comes the decision of what location we intend to bug out to. Making a beeline for the forest, woods or bush land could be a good option as it offers safety and protection.

A basic bush shelter may keep you warm and dry for weeks at a time, in the event of a natural or man made disaster. Choosing the right area and knowing what bush shelter to build can sometimes be a challenge for some people.

A pre selected area

You have decided to head to the hills in the event of a disaster. Now what? You need to map out a route you intend to go arriving at your destination.

A Google search of your intended destination should give you a detailed description of roads, train lines, tracks and paths you can travel along.

Also you can get in touch with local authorities to get your hands on a few topographic maps. These are great as you have a hard copy of the area you are intending to head to. Digital details and instructions could be lost due to battery life of the device or damage due to rain etc.

Picking the perfect spot

Once you have chosen the route to your destination and practiced getting there by a few different ways and methods, its time to pick the perfect spot to build yourself a shelter.

Choosing the ideal spot would depend on a few different factors such as-

  • Summer or winter
  • Bushland or forest
  • Flat or mountainous terrain
  • Types of wildlife in the area

For example:

Theres been a magnitude 8.5 earthquake in the city you live. Theres mass confusion amongst the population and violence and looting are starting to take place. On top of this a tsunami warning has been issued to hit within a hour.

Its winter, cold and raining. You have practiced your escape route to your bug out location many times. Once your on your way you notice that all public transport and services are totally stopped. You choose to ride your bicycle to your location as all the roads are destroyed.

You are confident that all is going to be ok because you have previously built yourself a shelter at your bug out spot. Its in a isolated area out of sight from other people. You have stocked it well with water and canned food.

Your shelter has been built by sturdy materials keeping you safe and protected from the elements

When choosing the site for your shelter, consider the following-

  • Do I need to build my shelter high and off the ground
  • Whats my options for building materials
  • Whats the best foundation to build off (sand, rock, snow etc.)

Bears, tigers and snakes are just a few animals that can kill you pretty quickly, so take this into account

What materials can I use?

There’re many types of shelters that we can build to keep us safe and protected. When building a bush shelter I keep in mind

  • What resources I have at my disposal
  • what hazards do I need to avoid
  • What offers the best protection

This allows me then to choose a suitable site in which I can go about construction of my bug out shelter

If my shelter location site was near a river I might use river stone in the construction. Long straight trees with forks at the end, can be used to make a frame work of your shelter. Mud and clay can be used to make bricks and tiles. Logs from large trees can be stacked together to form walls and floor beams. palm, fern leaves and grass can be thatched together to make a roof.

Regular visits to your bug out location will familiarize you with your surroundings.

Expanding on your knowledge

Reading books and watching tutorials on building and basic construction, will help you to understand what methods will work. Enrolling yourself in a building course is always a great way to learn, also meeting people with similar interests can expand on your knowledge.

Thanks for reading my post and any questions please don’t hesitate to leave a comment below




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